Lycopene is a natural pigment component in food and is a carotenoid in its chemical structure. Lycopene in tomato is mainly found in tomatoes, but other red flesh is also high in foods such as watermelon, grapefruit, and papaya. The red and yellow colors of these foods are mainly caused by lycopene. lycopene supplement has many functions such as anti-oxidation, inhibition of mutation, reduction of nucleic acid damage, reduction of cardiovascular disease and prevention of cancer.
Cancer prevention function
Among the various anti-cancer ingredients of vegetables and fruits, lycopene is an important one. As early as the 1950s, medical experts in the United States reported for the first time that lycopene has an anticancer effect. Later, epidemiological investigations and repeated animal experiments demonstrated that lycopene does have the effect of preventing and inhibiting malignant tumors. For example, Giovannucci et al. conducted a six-year follow-up survey of 47,894 residents, using a questionnaire to record their intake of various vegetables and fruits and their cancer incidence. The results showed that 812 patients with prostate cancer occurred between 1982 and 1992, and the intake of tomato sauce, tomato juice, and tomato reduced the risk of cancelation. A medical research institute in Japan investigated four areas with different rates of gastric cancer. The levels of vitamin A, C, E, β-carotene, and lycopene in the plasma of residents were measured. It was found that the higher the concentration of plasma lycopene, the lower the incidence of gastric cancer.
The American Society for Cancer Research conducted a clinical trial to demonstrate that lycopene may play a decisive role in the treatment of patients with prostate cancer. Because the administration of lycopene has improved the five factors that affect the survival of patients with prostate cancer.
Therefore, we can usually take lycopene and eat more tomatoes.
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