The application of phycocyanin is extensive and can be summarized as follows:
(1) Natural food coloring: phycocyanin is a water-soluble pigment, non-toxic, pure blue, bright color, and can be used as an additive for food colorants and cosmetics. And it is very rich in protein and amino acids. It is the only natural blue pigment approved by the US FDA. It can be used in ice cream, chewing gum, powdered beverages, liquid beverages, cakes, snacks, candies, jellies, fillings, noodles, mustard, sugar coated pills, capsules.
(2) Medicine and health food:
The phycocyanin can help synthesize many important enzymes needed by the human body, play an important role in inhibiting the growth of cancer cells and promoting the regeneration of human cells. It can also regulate the body's immune system, enhance the function of the immune system, and improve the body's disease resistance.
The phycocyanin is a collagen-like protein, which is a combination of a macromolecular protein and a chromophore molecule through a disulfide bond, and has antioxidant, moisturizing, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory and ecchymotic effects.
(4) Special reagents for biological, chemical and cytological experiments:
The phycocyanin is blue and fluorescent, and can be used as a photodynamic research reagent for biology and cytology. Another effect of phycocyanin is the fluorescing agent, which has a fluorescence efficacy 30 times that of ordinary fluorescein.
(5) Application in agriculture:
The phycocyanin is the most important class of light-sensitive proteins in the phycobiliprotein series and is rich in nutrients and comprehensive amino acid composition. The product is applied to foliar fertilization, which can obviously promote the photosynthesis of plants, and at the same time, the photosensitivity reaction occurs due to the photodynamic and photoexcitation of phycocyanin, which makes the product have antiviral and antibacterial effects.
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