Silymarin has inhibitory effects on lipoxygenase and peroxidase. It is clinically used for the treatment of liver poisoning, liver dysfunction, anti-radiation, and hypolipidemic effects.
A large number of studies have shown that silymarin and silybin compounds have a wide range of pharmacological activities. The main activities are summarized as follows:
Scavenging reactive oxygen species
The milk thistle extract silymarin directly scavenges reactive oxygen species, counteracts lipid peroxidation and maintains cell membrane fluidity.
2. Liver protection
Silymarin has a protective effect on liver damage caused by carbon tetrachloride, galactosamine, alcohols, and other hepatotoxins;
3. Anti-tumor effect
Various reactive oxygen species can oxidize guanine to form 8 antelope guanine to cause DNA damage, which will cause tumors. The use of antioxidants, especially free radical scavengers, can prevent this from happening.
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