What is Anthocyanins?

- Oct 26, 2018-

What is Anthocyanins?

Anthocyanins are water-soluble pigments that change color with the acidity and alkalinity of cell fluids. When the cell fluid is acidic, it is reddish, and when the cell fluid is alkaline, it is bluish. Anthocyanidin is one of the main pigments that make up the color of petals and fruits. It is common in the tissues of flowers and fruits, as well as the epidermal cells and the epidermis of the stems and leaves.


There are more than 300 different anthocyanins in nature. They come from a variety of fruits and vegetables such as purple sweet potato, cranberry, cranberry, blueberry, black sorghum, grape, elderberry red, black currant, purple carrot and red cabbage, and the color ranges from red to blue. Among them, blueberries contain the largest amount of anthocyanins and the most nutritious value.

Anthocyanins bring a variety of benefits to the human body. Fundamentally, anthocyanins are powerful antioxidants that protect the body from harmful substances called free radicals. Anthocyanins also enhance blood vessel elasticity, improve the circulatory system and improve skin smoothness, inhibit inflammation and allergies, and improve joint flexibility. It can also be used in cosmetics, such as red anthocyanins for lipstick. These products use pigments (except grape skin pigments), which are characterized by good stability to light, heat and oxygen and stability to microorganisms. Generally soluble in water and ethanol, insoluble in vegetable oil.

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