Phycocyanin is a pigment-protein complex from the light-harvesting phycobiliprotein family, along with allophycocyanin and phycoerythrin. It is an accessory pigment to chlorophyll. All phycobiliproteins are water-soluble, so they cannot exist within the membrane as carotenoids can. Instead, phycobiliproteins aggregate to form clusters that adhere to the membrane called phycobilisomes. Phycocyanin is a characteristic light blue color, absorbing orange and red light, particularly near 620 nm (depending on which specific type it is), and emits fluorescence at about 650 nm (also depending on which type it is). Allophycocyanin absorbs and emits at longer wavelengths than phycocyanin C or phycocyanin R. Phycocyanins are found in Cyanobacteria (previously called blue-green algae). Phycobiliproteins have fluorescent properties that are used in immunoassay kits. Phycocyanin is from the Greek phyco meaning “algae” and cyanin is from the English word “cyan", which conventionally means a shade of blue-green (close to "aqua") and is derived from the Greek “kyanos" which means a somewhat different color: "dark blue". The product phycocyanin, produced by Aphanizomenon flos-aquae and spirulina.
E18 (1%, 1cm, 618nm.)
Food additives, cosmetic additives, Health care products
Health Benefits of Phycocyanin Powder
Phycocyanin powder has been used in medicine, foods and cosmetic applications. It can also be used in genetics, where it acts a tracer due to its natural fluorescence.
1. Phycocyanin has both anti-oxidant and anti-inflammation properties.
2. Phycocyanin also prevents astrogliosis and glial inflammation.
3. It is found to have hepatotoxicity protection.
4. It has anti-cancer effects.
5. Phycocyanin powder can be used as a natural blue food coloring, cosmetic additives.